There are two reasons why the Fed will keep printing. 1st:
The creation of the 401(k) years ago politicized the stock market. The government’s policy of herding Americans into purchasing equities to fund their retirements has created an expectation that the government must do something about falling markets, so it does. Additionally, the government must be able to finance itself. A rise in treasury rates would result in higher deficits down the road; hence, the Fed must keep rates low and the only method currently at its disposal is the printing press, so print it does.
Ultimately, all of this printing is slowly destroying the economy, because QE is ultimately both inflationary raising assets prices and deflationary suppressing income growth. Japan started its own money printing program in the late 90’s, and you can see for yourself how incomes are performing:
The MFP and its assorted shills, hangers on and supplicants believe that the ECB will begin printing in earnest to match pace with the Fed, and it just might but not for the reasons it endlessly touts: unemployment, lower inflation and economic contraction and stagnation in the periphery. Rather, the only thing you need to know is the USDEUR exchange rate. When it rises to a level that threatens Germany’s export machine, then there will be an ECB rate cut and not one second before.
The chart above illustrates the relationship between the dollar/euro exchange rate and the Fed/ECB balance sheet ratio. As you can see, the rate has diverged from its long-term relationship, but these divergences are only temporary. The euro will continue it general, upward trend for the near future. Once the euro crosses the $1.45 line, the ECB will consider a rate cut because this is the rate that curtails Germany exports.
Chinese leaders enjoy discussing economic reforms almost as much as the mainstream financial press hyping said reforms. Chinese leadership has linked economic growth with political stability. In light of this fact, this is all you need to know about Chinese economic reforms: if the reforms have any negative consequences, they will quickly be rolled back. The PBOC has been attempting to liberalize the financial system by stepping away and letting the banks fund each other rather than relying on central bank liqudity. Unfortunately, whenever it begins backing out of the overnight lending market, interest rates spike, so it rushes right back in.
This is exactly how government reforms will proceed. The government will attempt to reform the economy. Once adverse consequences erupt, (i.e. higher unemployment, the wrong guy’s factory being shuttered) the government will reverse course in short order. After conditions settle down, it will make another feeble attempt to reform and change its mind once the consequences return. Rinse and repeat.
This is an interesting study. High rates of home ownership lead to higher structural unemployment. This study’s conclusion makes sense, and it survives a careful reading. Renters are more mobile than homeowners, and this affects the unemployment rates. In the chart excerpted from Dr. Oswald’s study, we can see two examples that tend to prove the rule. Of course, there are other reasons why Greece has a drastically higher unemployment rate than Germany, which is why the country is so far above the trend line. BTW, Greece’s neighbor on the chart is Spain.